"Do I fill out a form to request information about my race, I always mark 'Black,'" says John "even though I'm whiter than most, knows the check." John, a West African living near the border between Benin and Nigeria has albinism, a genetic disorder in which the eyes, skin or hair (in some cases the eyes alone) little or no pigmentation. What are the type of albinism have we? How common is albinism? How does individual daily life? Whatcan help to condition those with albinism live with her?
While albinism is most noticeable in dark-skinned people, races and peoples. It is estimated that albinism affects 1 person in every 20,000.
Some types of albinism
The main categories of albinism are the following:
"Occulocutaneous albinism: the pigment melanin eye is missing from the skin, hair and of these variants. There are about 20Type.
"Ocular Albinism: Its effects are limited hair, eyes, and usually appear normal in the.
There are other forms of albinism known many who are that good. For example, a guy with Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS) is associated. Those with HPS have a tendency to bruise or bleed easily. There is a high concentration of this type of albinism in the Puerto Rican population, the frequency of the population to 1 to 1800.
Effects on skin andEyes
For most fair-skinned people, wild exposure to the sun results in a tan, when a pigment called melanin is produced to protect the skin. Without an albino pigment the skin tans easily. Sunburn itself is an unpleasant and painful condition. However, albinos of suffering, which is not sufficiently protect their skin, the risk of skin cancer. This is especially true in tropical areas.
Albinism can also affect the eyes in the variety of ways. Pigment in the iris of normalMonitors sunlight in the eye, other than through the pupil. However, an albino is Iris is almost transparent, which allows scattered light to pass through and cause irritation.
By generally accepted that people with albinism eyes red, but this is a misunderstanding. Most albinos have irises tinted either dull gray, brown or blue. This reddish reflection comes from the retina. This effect could with red eyes, the reflection in the eyes, which sometimes appears to be comparedPhotos taken with a flash. In many countries the treatment is either unavailable or very expensive.
Most people with albinism learn how to live with their physical limits. But many find it difficult to assess the social stigma that comes with the state to bear. This can be especially difficult for children.
In some parts of West Africa, children with albinism are mocked or ridiculed with racist terms. This can easilylead to feelings of rejection and uselessness.
THE END OF albinism
In recent years much has changed in the treatment of albinism. Medical science is able to support more than ever before. Support groups provide a forum for exchange of experience and a better understanding of the disease. The ultimate solution, however, the rest with no people, but with his Creator (God).